Operatic Cylinders from the Getty Collection
Early operatic recordings have been one of the passions of composer and collector Gordon Getty. Donated to the UCSB Library in 2009, his collection of notable cylinder recordings contains many significant rarities, including one of Caruso's three cylinders recorded for Pathé
The collection has been digitized and a selection of Mr. Gettty's Pathé and Edison operatic cylinders is presented here. This cylinder radio program focuses on three groups of cylinders, five early Anglo-Italian Commerce Company (AICC) cylinders issued by Pathé, and two groups of Edison cylinders, four from the two-minute "Grand Opera" series and three later Blue Amberol operatic recordings.
—David Seubert, UC Santa Barbara Library
Anglo-Italian Commerce Company/Pathé Salon Cylinder: Il barbiere di Siviglia. Se il mio nome / Gioacchino Rossini. Alfredo Tedeschi. Cylindres Pathé: 84103. 1902 or 1903. (Larger version or rim detail)
The first cylinders on the program were recorded by the Anglo-Italian Commerce Company (the name can be heard at the end of the announcement and seen on the rim of the cylinder above) during their 1902 and 1903 recording sessions in Milan. During these sessions they recorded some of the most famous performers of the day, including Enrico Caruso, and Pathé issued them in both disc and cylinder format. Pathé's recording and pressing quality was at times hit or miss, and unfortunately the identity of many of the singers is not known. However, many are clearly first-rate singers, as heard on the opening selection from La Forza del Destino.
- La forza del destino. Minaccie, i fieri accenti / Giuseppe Verdi. Unidentified tenor and baritone. Cylindres Pathé: 80406. 1902 or 1903.
- Il trovatore. Miserere / Giuseppe Verdi. Unidentified soprano and tenor. Cylindres Pathé: 81095. 1902 or 1903.
- Cavalleria rusticana. Voi lo sapete o mamma / Pietro Mascagni. Unidentified soprano. Cylindres Pathé: 80001. 1902 or 1903.
- Aida. Rivedrai le foreste imbalsamate / Giuseppe Verdi. Unidentified soprano and baritone. Cylindres Pathé: 81000. 1902 or 1903.
- Il barbiere di Siviglia. Se il mio nome / Gioacchino Rossini. Alfredo Tedeschi. Cylindres Pathé: 84103. 1902 or 1903.
Edison's two-minute Grand Opera Series, with a "B" prefix before the number, were some of the best operatic cylinders released, combining world-class talent, serious repertoire, and Edison's superb recording standards. They stand up with the best of disc records of the time, like Victor's Red Seal series of classical recordings. Cylinders like Scotti's aria from Falstaff are examples of Edison's recordings of international stars at their best.
- Meistersinger. Fanget an / Richard Wagner. Heinrich Knote. Edison Gold Moulded Record: B. 22. 1906.
- Aida. Celeste Aida / Giuseppe Verdi. Florencio Constantino. Edison Gold Moulded Record: B. 12. 1906.
- Falstaff. Quand’ ero paggio / Giuseppe Verdi. Antonio Scotti. Edison Gold Moulded Record: B. 57. 1907.
- Carmen. Alto la! / Georges Bizet. Florencio Constantino. Edison Gold Moulded Record: B. 59. 1907.
Edison's later Blue Amberol series of cylinders contained a huge variety of repertoire and performances and was a mixture of reissues from their four-minute wax Amberol series, original (direct) recordings, and dubbings from Edison Diamond Discs. With branches and distribution around the world, Edison recorded American, English, French, German, and Italian singers. Unlike the Grand Opera Series with its international stars, Blue Amberols were targeted by numerical series to different countries and often showcased Edison artists of regional interest.
- Ach so fromm aus Martha / Friedrich von Flotow. Benno Haberl. Edison Blue Amberol: 26129. 1913.
- Aïda. Céleste Aïda / Giuseppe Verdi. Paul Dangely. Edison Blue Amberol: 27107. 1913?
- Sound now the trumpet fearlessly / Vincenzo Bellini. Harvey Hindermyer and Vernon Archibald. Edison Blue Amberol: 4761. 1923.
Further information on Edison and Pathé records can be found in the cylinder history section.